Greentree Agreement Revisted: AMBAZONIA — the successor state which owns Bakassi

THE GREENTREE AGREEMENT

1] DEFINITIONS

In this context, “Cameroon” means the Former United Nations Trust Territory of French Cameroon.

“Ambazonia: means the former United Nations Trust Territory of British Cameroon.

INTRODUCTION:

While the United Nations was created after World War II to preserve peace and security in our world, its actions ever since have always relied but on the eclectic actions of POLITICS rather than on the predeterminism of the RULE OF THE LAW. Any wonder why this body has no track record of success in preventive diplomacy, but rather, seeks its self-preservation when entities such as UNHCR, in its predictable post mortem stance, now vibrantly collect hazard pays and per Diem charges all across Africa on issues which could have been prevented?

If there exist any counter argument to the assertion that the RULE OF FORCE trumps the RULE OF THE LAW, with POLITICS ever so ready to preempt very clear solutions, perhaps such an advocacy should start by citing Article 6{2} of the Greentree Agreement and follow it to its logical conclusion as the supported by the law that applies.

Article 6(2) of the Greentree Agreement is the “dispute resolution” clause which states that…”The Follow-up Committee shall settle any dispute regarding the interpretation and implementation of this Agreement”.

FACTS YOU SHOULD KNOW A PRIORI

-Let it be known that ICJ committed a fundamental error when it rejected in 1995 Ambazonia’s attempt to intervene in the Nigeria-Cameroon border dispute on grounds of locus standi.

-Let it be known that Cameroon’s case was won ONLY when it cited the incontrovertible evidence that the Bakassi people participated in the February 11, 1961 plebiscite organized under the auspices of the United Nations as Southern Cameroonians of the Victoria plebiscite district.

-Let it be known that it was from the result of this plebiscite that the Federal Republic of Cameroon was created. A federation as per the terms of the PLEBISCITE PACT, made up of “two  equal states”, the Republic of Cameroon and the British Southern Cameroons.

–Let it be further known that the immutability and equality of the sovereign equality status of the states that made up the CAMEROON FEDERATION was ingrained in the Article 47 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Cameroon.

-Let it be known that in 1984 the current Cameroon President Paul Biya orchestrated the Cameroon federation Parliament to dissolve the federation when is passed RESTORATION LAW 84/01.

-Let it be known that from this legal act of state extinctions arose the successor states of (1) the Republic of Cameroon and the (2) Republic of Ambazonia.

-Let is be further noted the the successor states of the now extinct Cameroon Federation simply reverted to their internationally recognized and very clearly defined pre-federation boundaries.

 AS A CONSEQUENCE, BAKASSI  IS PART OF THE REPUBLIC OF AMBAZONIA, SINCE AS RECOGNIZED BY THE 2002 ICJ JUDGMENT, BAKASSI WAS PART OF THE BRITISH SOUTHERN CAMEROON, A STATE WHICH IS NOW EXTINCT, SUCCEEDED BY THE REPUBLIC OF AMBAZONIA FOLLOWING THE DISSOLUTION OF THE FEDERATION BETWEEN THE BRITISH SOUTHERN CAMEROONS AND THE REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON.

Therefore it must be concluded that by the ‘FOUR COUNTRY FOLLOW-UP COMMITTEE” signing up as witnesses to the Greentree Agreement [GTA], the US, England, Germany and France would have been hoodwinked by Cameroon to unwittingly support a fraud.

2] THE FACTS

(2.01): In January 2005, the United nations Secretary General [UNSG] Kofi Annan, pursuant to the ICJ judgment on Bakassi flew to Cameroon and got Cameroon President Biya to sign a commitment herein referred to as the “Annan Bakassi Peace Accord” (ABPA) which reads:

“I President Paul Biya of the Republic of Cameroon do hereby, in a bid to provide a final solution to the Bakassi conflict commit myself and my government to respect the territorial boundaries of my country as obtained at independence.”{[see Map-1]}

President Biya thus admits to the United Nations that the root cause of the Bakassi Conflict is the illegal occupation of Ambazonian by the Cameroon, and that only the withdrawal of Cameroon administration and its military and its police/ gendarmes forces to the territorial boundaries of Cameroon at its independence would provide lasting peace in the Bakassi conflict.

(2.02): In March 2005 the United Nations Human Rights Committee adjudicating on the case of the exiled monarch, the Fon Fongum Gorji-Dinka (a Human Rights Lawyer, the very first President of the Cameroon Bar Association, and Ambazonian Head of State) in effect put to rest any doubt on the boundaries of the Republic of Cameroon by confirming that the illegal union which had comprised the Cameroon and Ambazonian was dissolved since 1984 in these words:

“As a result of the subjugation of the Ambazonian and the alleged serious violation of their human rights by the Franco-Cameroon armed forces and militia units, riots broke out in 1983 prompting Parliament to enact the Restoration Law 84/01 which dissolved the union of the two countries. The author {Fongum Gorji-Dinka) then became the Head of State of the Ambazonian Restoration Council and published several articles calling on President Biya to comply with the Restoration Law and withdraw from Ambazonian”

The dissolution of the Cameroon Union called “United Republic of Cameroon” {URC} restored French Cameroon back as the Republic of Cameroon while the British Southern Cameroon became known as AMBAZONIA.

(2.03): The judgment of the International Court of Justice on the Bakassi Peninsular read:

“Bakassi is said to have formed part of the British Cameroon termed, Southern Cameroons (Ambazonian), para 210 line 8-9

“Cameroon points out that the map attached to the report of the United Nations Plebiscite Commissioner shows that the Bakassi peninsular formed part of the Victoria District in the Southwest corner of Cameroon. This would show that the peninsular was recognized by the United Nations as being part of the southern Cameroons (Ambazonian)”, para 210 line 24-27

“Thus for the entire period from 1912 until 1961, (when Trusteeship was terminated), Bakassi was comprised within British Cameroon”, para 212 line 19-20.

“The ICJ then ordered:…’The Court understand that Nigeria is under an obligation expeditiously and without condition to withdraw its administration and its military and its ‘police forces’, from the Bakassi Peninsular”, para 314.

(2.04): It follows that the modalities for Nigeria’s withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsular have to be worked out by Nigeria and Ambazonian. But the Greentree Agreement [GTA] has wrongly miscalled the country where the Bakassi Peninsular is located as “Republic of Cameroon”, instead of ‘Ambazonian”. And then instead of appending a map of Republic of Cameroon, it appended the map of the defunct United Republic of Cameroon under the false pretense that the United Republic of Cameroon which was dissolved since 1984 still exists.

3] THE DISPUTE

The Greentree Agreement has created two disputes.

(3.01): Dispute (a):

By miscalling the country which owns the Bakassi Peninsular the Republic of Cameroon instead of Ambazonian.

(3.02): Dispute (b):

Instead of correcting the mistake they attempted a cover up by appending as a map of Republic of Cameroon, a map of the defunct United Republic of Cameroon [URC] under the false pretense that the URC still exist.

4] DISPUTE RESOLUTION

(4.01): Article 6(2) of the GTA reads…..”The Follow-up Committee shall settle any dispute regarding the interpretation and implementation of this Agreement”.

(4.02): The Follow-up committee is therefore under an obligation to correct the GTA:

(a) to read “AMBAZONIA” in the place of “REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON”,

(b) to append a map of Nigeria and Ambazonian {[see Map-2]}, in the place of a map of Nigeria and the defunct United Republic of Cameroon which was appended under the false pretense that he URC still exist.

To delay or fail to correct these mistakes would turn the mistakes into fraud and turn the member countries of the FOLLOW-UP Committee {who innocently signed up as witnesses) into accomplices to the fraud.

5] SOWING THE SEEDS OF AL-KAEDA IN THE GULF OF GUINEA

(5.01): The GTA as-is, has brought Cameroon military to the Bakassi Peninsular where the potential of conflict remains real as tested by latest incident of November 2007 in which 21 Cameroon soldiers and 10 Ambazonian Bakassi inhabitants were killed. If urgent actions are not taken to implement the ABPA {Annan Bakassi Peace Accord} the risk of this Gulf region getting immersed in violent conflict only gets higher.

(5.02): It may be well to recall that the UN SG, Kickoff Annan had to send away his UN plane with the ABPA, while he, the UNSG flew out to Cameroon by an Air France commercial plane and so foiled the lawless Cameroon regime’s plot to shoot down the UN plane with the UNSG in Cameroon airspace so as to destroy the ABPA. The UNSG and his entourage were humiliatingly searched like terrorist suspects before they boarded the Air France plane, but the ABPA had flown away with the UN plane. Is a probe into why the UNSG sent away his UN plane only to fly later from Cameroon with Air France not over due?

(5.03): Common sense dictates that international peace and security in the Gulf of Guinea be focused on the Cameroon President’s self incriminating admissions that it is only a withdrawal of his country to its boundaries at independence that, in his own words, “would provide lasting peace in the “Bakassi Conflict”, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea, which accounts for over 10% of accessible world petroleum.

Edwin Ngang

Ambazonia Delegate General, North America

ps/ for technical reason “maps’ could not be attached with this posting. Will be posted in subsequent posting. Thanks for your understanding.

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